# Gravity is Magnetism {© 01/06/18}

This web page contains the theory of gravity, which was established by Keith Dixon-Roche during his development of Isaac Newton's Laws of Motion.

The concept *gravity is magnetism* changes nothing in terms of force and energy in the laws of orbital motion. Isaac Newton was correct. I.e. exactly the same results may be achieved either by using gravity (as Isaac Newton described it) or using magnetism (as Hendrik Lorentz described it). The difference between gravity and magnetism is that we know exactly what magnetism is. We understand it and we can explain it in terms of energy. We don't, however, know what gravity is. Nobody, not even the great man himself, could explain what it is, what generates it and how it works.

All mass comprises a number of proton-electron pairs and neutrons, both of which carry the same non-polar magnetic energy.

## Information Gathering

Before explaining how the magnetic field is established, you need to know a couple of things:

rₙ = μₒ.e / 4π.B = G.mᵨ / c².φ = 2.817937953839E-15 m {3}

The Henry (H) is the rate of change of current induced in an electrical circuit (kg.m²/c² see 'Magnetic Constant' below)

Lorentz gave us the constant for the magnetic field: B = μₒ.I / 2.π.R kg/C

which also happens to be the reciprocal of the relative charge (capacity):

B = 1/RC = 5.685634367312E-12 kg/C

Where: R = 2.rₙ & I = e

Magnetic constant:

μₒ = 1E-07 . 4.π H/m {C / m.s²}

1E-07 = mₑ.rₙ/e² kg.m/C²

μₒ = 4.π.rₙ.mₑ/e² kg.m/C²

Therefore, in terms of energy, the Henry = kg.m²/C²

I.e. the magnetic constant defines the radius where magnetic attraction between an electron orbiting at the speed of light exceeds electrical repulsion and the electron and proton unite to create a neutron.

B = μₒ.e / 4.π.rₙ = 4.π.rₙ.mₑ/e² . e / 4.π.rₙ = mₑ/e = 1/RCₑ kg/C

RC is the relative atomic charge of an electron {C/kg}

Where:

RC = F/RAMₑ C/kg

Avogadro's number (constant): NA = 6.02214129E+23 /mol

Faraday's constant: F = NA.e = 96485.3317942156 C/mol

electron mass: mₑ = 9.1093897E-31 kg

proton mass: mᵨ = 1.67262163783E-27 kg

elementary charge: e = 1.60217648753E-19 C

relative charge: RC = e/mₑ = 1.75881869180545E+11 C/kg

relative atomic mass of a hydrogen atom: RAMH = 1.00727638277233E-03 kg/mol

Using the above information, it is possible to explain gravitational energy in terms of non-polar magnetic attraction. Lorentz gave us the following formula for magnetic attractive force:

F = q.v.B

Where: 'q' is the electrical charge, 'v' is the relative velocity and 'B' is the magnetic field. However, in our case, the relative velocity in this formula must be modified to use the gravitational acceleration between the two masses.

Before explaining magnetic attraction between two masses, you need to understand a couple of things:

The magnetism referred to below is non-polar and all-pervasive. A polar magnet is one that has all of its atomic nuclei aligned such that electro-magnetic energy is generated in one direction (e.g. north to south). Non-polar magnetism is always present in all atomic particles and acts in all directions. It is what holds the universe together, but it is much weaker than polar magnetism the amount by which it is weaker is called a coupling ratio:

φ = 4.407421117923350E-40

Every mass (m) contains a specific number of particles (protons, electrons and neutrons). Because we already know that every particle possesses an electrical charge and that a neutron is a proton plus an electron, we can determine the number of electrical charges in any mass thus:

q = m /(mᵨ + mₑ)

where mᵨ & mₑ are the proton and electron masses respectively

## Ok, here we go …

Any two attracting masses (m₁ & m₂) may be described in terms of their electrical charges (q₁ & q₂) as follows:

q₁ = e.m₁ & q₂ = e.m²

Where 'e' is the elementary charge

Exactly the same potential energy (PE) between m₁ & m₂ can be found using any and all of the following formulas:

PE = G.m₁.m₂/R (Isaac Newton)

= m₂.g (Isaac Newton)

= k.(q₁.q₂ / mₑ.mᵨ)/R . φ (Coulomb)

= q₂/mₑ . g.R.B (Lorentz / Keith Dixon-Roche)

Where:

g is the gravitational acceleration between m₁ and m₂

R is radial separation between m₁ and m₂

B is the magnetic field (see above)

k is Coulomb's constant

φ is the coupling ratio

m₁ & mᵨ is the mass of a proton

m₂ & mₑ is the mass of an electron

The two important constants here are Isaac Newton's gravitational constant (G) and Coulomb's constant (k), both of which are based upon the properties of Quanta. It is important, therefore, to establish their relationship to each other.

G = aₒ.c² / ρᵤ = 6.67359232004332E-11 m³ / kg.s2 per m³

k = mₑ.rₙ.c²/e² = 8.98755184732667E+09 kg.m³ / s².C²

so we can define the relationship as follows:

Z . aₒ.c² / ρᵤ = mₑ.rₙ.c²/e²

Z = mₑ.rₙ.c².ρᵤ / ao.c².e² {kg.m.m².kg.m³.s² / m³.m.m².s².C² = kg²/C²}

Note: B = 1/RC {kg/C}

Newton’s gravitational constant is also equal to:

G = k.e².φ / me.mp = 6.67359232004332E-11 m³ / kg.s2

which applies to his formula: F = G.m₁.m₂ / R²

After dividing out the mass components:

m₁.m₂ ÷ mₑ.mₚ, we get a product of particles 'n₁.n₂'.

If Gₑ now = k.e².φ = 1.01682605280249E-67 kg.m³ / s²

And rewriting Newton’s formula thus: F = Gₑ.n₁.n₂ / R²

We get the same result, but it is now in terms of a number of elementary charge units

This calculation for the electrical potential energy between the sun and the earth at its perigee, gives:

PE = 1.2208949335E+73 J, whereas the gravitational potential energy is:

PE = 5.380981972219E+33 J, the difference between the two being 'φ'

Whilst magnetic energy is accrued, electrical energy is shared, locking the electrical attractive energy between an electron and its proton at the atomic level. This [electrical] energy does not pass beyond the atom. I.e. 'Gₑ' may only be used instead of 'G' in Isaac newton's formula for the atom. It cannot be used for the calculation of lunar, solar or galactic orbital systems.

The above conclusively demonstrates that Isaac Newton's laws of orbital motion apply equally well to atoms

It is no longer necessary to use the term gravity; Gravity is Magnetism.

Moreover, it conclusively unites Newton's gravitational laws of orbital motion with those for the atom, something that cannot, and no doubt never will prove the case for quantum theory.

### Further Reading

You will find further reading on this subject in reference publications^{(68, 69, & 70)}

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